Zhuravichi | Gomel

/ A house in Zhuravichi    © Sabine Mirlesse  - Yahad-In Unum Former Jewish cemetery in Zhuravichi    © Sabine Mirlesse  - Yahad-In Unum Tatiana G. remembers her Jewish comrades before the war    © Sabine Mirlesse  - Yahad-In Unum Yahad team during a witness interview    © Sabine Mirlesse  -   Yahad-In Unum Execution site of about 131 Jews from Zhuravichi murdered by Nazis     © Sabine Mirlesse  - Yahad-In Unum

Execution of Jews in Zhuravichi

1 Sitio(s) de ejecución

Tipo de lugar antes:
Forest
Memoriales:
Yes
Período de ocupación:
1941-1943
Número de víctimas:
131

Entrevista del testigo

Tatiana G., born in 1930, remembers : «After the elimination of the Jews, people went to their houses to look for their belongings. Many of my comrades also went to the houses. They were curious to see. But I did not go there, because my father forbade me.» (Witness N°794, interviewed in Kanava, on June 14, 2014).

Nota histórica

Zhuravichi is a small town, located on the banks of the Bolotnyanka  River, 94 km northwest of Gomel. According to the census in 1939, 616 Jews (about 26% of total population), lived in the town. There was a Jewish cemetery and a Jewish school where the language used was Yiddish.  Before the war, it was a district center.

Holocausto por balas en cifras

Zhuravichi was occupied by German forces on August 14, 1941, and a German military administration was set up. Upon the German arrival, all the Jews were registered and subjected to forced labor. They kept living in their houses till September 1941, when a ghetto was created in the garden and the buildings of the kolkhoz. Under the guard of the local police, the Jews stayed there about 4 months. Then, in the late December 1941, all the Jews were taken by truck to the pine forest, where a pit had been dug in advance by local policemen. The execution of Jews was carried out by Germans who were assisted by local police. The police buried the corpses. Then, the most valuable Jewish belongings were taken by the Germans, and the others were sold at a store to the local population.

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