Osintorf (Asintorf) | Vitebsk

/ The Yahad’s In Unum team during an interview. © Jordi Lagoutte/Yahad-In Unum Yevguenia D., born in 1929: “Many people were murdered. We had an active partisans movement in the area; that is why everyone who was suspected to have connections with partisans were killed.” © Jordi Lagoutte/Yahad-In Unum The execution site of about 20 Osintorf Jews murdered in March 1942. © Jordi Lagoutte/Yahad-In Unum

Execution of Jews in Osintorf

1 Sitio(s) de ejecución

Tipo de lugar antes:
Pit near the lumberyard
Memoriales:
Yes
Período de ocupación:
1941-1944
Número de víctimas:
At least 20

Entrevista del testigo

Yevguenia D., born in 1929: “Before the war there were only two Jewish families here. One family managed to leave before the occupation, while another one was shot by Germans. They were taken to the territory of the lumberyard where they were shot. I didn’t see it because the Germans didn’t let anyone come close. Together, with this Jewish family, a young Belarusian girl of about 20 years old was shot as well. Her last name was Lotova. She was shot together with the Jews.” (Witness n°1043B, interviewed in Sudilovichi, on November 1, 2019)

Archivos soviéticos

“In the spring of 1942, in March, I was arrested by the German gendarmerie and detained prisoner along with all of the residents of Jewish nationality from the village of Asintorf [Osintorf in Russian], among whom were my acquaintances: the Khanin family. In one day, all the inhabitants of the Jewish nationality were driven to the pit dug that evening where they were shot to death. Twenty people were shot, including seven women and five children aged less than 16 years old.” [Deposition of Stanislav Shmuglevskiy, given to the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission (ChGK) , on April 1, 1945; GARF 7021-84-10, pp. 454-455]

Nota histórica

Osintorf is located in the Vitebsk region, 16 kilometers away from Dubrovno and 70km (43 mi) southeast of Vitebsk. The village was founded in 1672. In 1879, 151 people lived there.  According to historical sources, the first Jews settled down here in 1920s, when the village became an industrial center of the peat extraction.  Almost all of the Jews worked at the local power station.

Holocausto por balas en cifras

Osintorf was occupied by the Germans in the mid-July 1941.  Several camps were quickly built for the prisoners of war and Jews around the village The detainees were used as forced labor to work on peat extraction. In the period of July 1941 to June 1944, about 200 POW were either shot or died a as result of unhuman living conditions and starvation. The Osindorf Jews were shot in March 1942. In all, about 20 Jews were shot.  Among the Jews were not only local people but probably those brought from the nearby villages.

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