Leningradskaya  | Krasnodar 

/ Boris L., born in 1929 : « There was a Soviet commission that investigated       the German crimes and ordered an exhumation of the bodies. I took part in the exhumation.” © Jordi Lagoutte /Yahad-In Unum Yahad-In Unum’s team during an interview. ©Jordi Lagoutte /Yahad-In Unum Boris L., born in 1929, together with Yahad’s team in the center of Leningradskaya. ©Jordi Lagoutte /Yahad-In Unum Former police headquarters during the occupation of Leningradskaya. ©Jordi Lagoutte /Yahad-In Unum The execution site of 47 civilians, including Jews, murdered by the Germans in under a six months occupation. ©Jordi Lagoutte /Yahad-In Unum The victims’ bodies were exhumed after the war and reburied in the center of the village where       a       large Soviet memorial stands today. ©Jordi Lagoutte /Yahad-In Unum

Execution of Jews and communists in Leningradskaya

1 Sitio(s) de ejecución

Tipo de lugar antes:
Bomb shells
Memoriales:
Yes
Período de ocupación:
1942-1943
Número de víctimas:
At least 15

Entrevista del testigo

Boris L., born in 1929 : « ”The Jews were shot in January, just a couple of days before the liberation. There was a Soviet commission that investigated the German crimes and ordered an exhumation of the bodies. I took part in the exhumation. The site was shown by a policeman. All the bodies, at least those that were in good condition, were identified. Among them, there was Gleb Tereschenko, he was a teacher at school; Ms. Sosnovaya who worked as a cashier in the cinema; Mr. Donets; Ms. Buylova; Mr. Serikov, he taught in the technical school. Among the civilians, there were prisoners of war. All the bodies had traces of torture. After the exhumation, the bodies were buried at the October place, but later they were reburied in a mass grave where the memorial stands. Their names were engraved on the memorial.” (Witness n°873R, interviewed in Leningradskaya, on November 20, 2018)

Nota histórica

Leningradskaya is located 150km (93mi) north east of Krasnodar. It was founded by the Cossacks who arrived from Uman in 1794. It was one of the first forty settlements founded by the Black Sea Cossacks in the Kuban region. In 1842, the settlement was transformed into stanitsa Umanskaya. As a result of Great  Famine in 1932-1933, hundreds died. Those who survived, about 1,200 people, were forcibly displaced to the northern regions of the Soviet Union and to Kazakhstan. In 1934, they were replaced by families from the Belarusian and Leningrad military districts and its name was changed to Leningradskaya. Before the war there were no Jews living in the stanitsa.  Many refugees arrived in 1941

Holocausto por balas en cifras

Leningradskaya was occupied by the Germans in August 1942 and remained occupied until February 4, 1943. Before the Germans’ arrival many Jewish and non-Jewish refugees from Ukraine settled here. Those Jews who did not have time to evacuate further to the East were executed under the occupation. The shootings took place on October 24, 1942, January 22 and 28, 1943.  According to the witness interviewed by Yahad, at least 15 Jews were executed outside the stanitsa, in the field, in January 1943.  In all, there were 47 victims, including Jews and communists.

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