Belynichi | Mogilev

Group portrait of the members of a Zionist hachshara [agricultural collective] from Belynichi in front of a cabin © United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Sarah Holstein Maslow / Overview of Belynichi. Today there are around 10,000 inhabitants. © Aleksey Kasyanov -Yahad-In Unum The country side in Belynichi. Before the war, the village was a Jewish shtetl ©Aleksey Kasyanov – Yahad-In Unum Mikhail V., Belarusian, saw from his window how the Jews were brought to the execution site © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad-In Unum Galina P., born in 1932. She had Jewish neighbors on  Zadruskaya street. The day of the shooting, the starosta demanded that the inhabitants leave their homes © Aleksey Kasyanov -Yahad-In Unum The execution site of the Belynichi Jews in the forest between Belynichi and Vyalikaya Maschanitsa © Aleksey Kasyanov -Yahad-In Unum

Execution of Jews in Belynichi

1 Sitio(s) de ejecución

Tipo de lugar antes:
Forest
Memoriales:
Yes
Período de ocupación:
1941-1944

Entrevista del testigo

Galina M. who lived on the same street as many local Jews, remembered seeing the Jews being taken to the killing site: “I saw the column of Jews down towards the river, near the bridge between Belynichi and Sloboda. The staroste told us that we should stay at home and avoid looking out the window. But I looked anyway and saw the column. It was guarded by Germans and dogs on both sides. They had told the Jews that they would be relocated to another town” (Witness N°628, interviewed in Belynichi, on May 4, 2012).

Nota histórica

On the eve of the war, around 780 Jews lived in Belynichi. They made up about 24 per cent of the total population. They were mainly traders.

Holocausto por balas en cifras

There were different execution sites for the Belynichi Jews. The main one was in the forest; over 600 Jews (mainly women and children) from the Belynichi ghetto were shot in two large pits on December 12th 1941. The graves were dug by requisitioned locals from the nearby village of Mashchanitsa. The Jewish men had been killed in an Aktion the previous September, near Niropla.

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