2 Execution site(s)
Yevgueni S., born in 1928, remembered: « In the beginning, the Jews were able to live normally as they were promised to be resettled in Israel. But, I think, some of them suspected the truth as they were very anxious. Shortly after that, all the Jews were resettled in Russian houses in the hamlet of Banny. I knew that because my relatives were forced to move from Banny into a Jewish house. Only 150 Jewish special workers remained living in the town because Germans used them for their services.” (Witness n°510, interviewed in Klintsy, on May 24, 2015)
« First of all, Hitler’s men organized bloody massacres of the Jews. The whole Jewish population was registered and placed in a separate area called the “ghetto.” On the streets, without any shame, people hung the rules of behavior for the Jews. It was forbidden for them to communicate with Russians. Moreover, they didn’t even have the right to greet them. Every Jew had to wear a distinguishing yellow mark on the chest, on the back and on the left sleeve. In December 1941, the bloody massacres started. In all, according to incomplete data, about 10 000 civil inhabitants of Klintsy was shot, including more than 3000 Jews.” [Act of Soviet extraordinary commission drawn up on October 3, 1945, RG-22.002M.7021- 85/5]
Klintsy is situated about 150km southwest of Bryansk. According to the census, there were 6,505 Jews (16% of the total population) living in the town. Most of them lived off of trade. There was a Yiddish elementary school and an evening school for adults. The town was occupied by German forces on August 20, 1941.
The anti-Jewish measures started from the beginning of the German occupation. According to the archives and Yahad field research, all the Jews were confined to a ghetto, which was situated in the hamlet of Banny. According to Martin Dean, the very first Aktion took place in September 1941, when 165 Jews and 7 communists were shot by a mobile squad of Einsatzgruppen. The second Aktion took place in December 1941. According to witness n°510, the Jews were shot in the outskirts of the village, near today’s brick factory. Children were thrown alive or knocked out with the butt of a submachine gun. 150 remaining workers who the Germans let stay were the last to be exterminated, but nobody knows where. In all, more then 3 000 Jews were murdered in Klintsy. Yahad’s fieldwork confirmed that women and half-Jewish children were also executed, but separate from the other Jews, which was typical in the investigated region.
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