Nova Pryluka (Novaya Priluka)/Stara Pryluka (Stara Priluka) | Vinnytsia

Bracha Dichtiar Miropolski, Tzippora, and Chaim Miropolski, Picture taken circa 1927 © Jewishgen Kehila link, Contributed by Nathen Gabriel Old School Nova Pryluka©https://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/  Nova_Pryluka/photos.html Lyubyna Ya., born in 1925: “The Jews continued to live in the village. There might have been some who left to join the families who lived outside”© Aleksey Kasyanov/Yahad-In Unum Lyubyna Ya., born in 1925: “There was an old man who beat the Jews very hard. Even today, I can’t forget him. If someone had let me pass, I would have taken him around the neck.” © Aleksey Kasyanov/Yahad-In Unum Vasyl F., born in 1927, an eyewitness to the shooting :  “There were about twenty Germans on the site. I remember two of them finished off those who were still inside the pit”.   © Aleksey Kasyanov/Yahad-In Unum Vasyl P., born in 1927, at the execution site “© Aleksey Kasyanov/Yahad-In Unum The execution site of about 2,500 Jews murdered in November 1941 near Stara Pryluka. © Aleksey Kasyanov/Yahad-In Unum The site near the cemetery where about 70 Jewish men killed in the end of July 1941 were buried. According to the witness, the Jewish women were forced to fill in the pit. They were shot sometime after that. © Aleksey Kasyanov/Yahad-In Unum The execution site of over a hundred Nova Pryluka Jews killed in the end of July-August 1941. © Aleksey Kasyanov/Yahad-In Unum

Execution of Jews in Nova and Stara Pryluka

2 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Natural pit
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944
Number of victims :
Over 2,600

Witness interview

Vasyl F., born in 1927, an eyewitness to the shooting :
”All the Jews were marked with yellow six-pointed stars. So, it was easy to recognize a Jew in the street. Together with my friends, we saw the Jews being rounded up. They were taken in groups of 20-25 people in the trucks. In all, there were four trucks who brought the victims towards the site. The execution was conducted by about twenty Germans, but only two of them finished off those who were still alive inside the pit.” (Witness n°2651U, interviewed in Stara Pryluka, on September 11, 2019)

Soviet archives

“On December 1, 1944, we civilians of Novaya Priluka village [today Nova Pryluka], Turbov district, […] established that during the German occupation, in 1941, the German barbarians murdered 2,500 civilians of Novaya Priluka, Turbov district, Vinnitsa Region. The purpose [of this murder] was the annihilation of the Jewish population, namely: [Note: follow a long list of the Jewish victims]”. [Act drawn up by Soviet State Extraordinary Commission (ChGK) on December 1, 1944; GARF 7021-54-1257, pp.90-94]

Historical note

Pryluka, founded in 1146, is a village located 24km (15mi) north east of Vinnytsia. The first records about the Jews go back to the 18th century. From the beginning of the 18th century, the village was divided into two villages: Nova Pryluka (Note: New) and Stara (Note: Old) Pryluka. Nova Pryluka has become a commerce center. As a result, all the Jews from Stara Pryluka moved to Nova Pryluka. In 1897, 2,011 Jews lived in Nova Pryluka making up almost 80% of the total population. Most of Jews owned shops and small industries in the village. For instance, a brickyard was managed by a Jew, Guershko Dudnik. Some of the Jews were artisans, such as shoemakers, tailors, and ironsmiths. Many Jews from the village suffered from the Civil War and a wave of pogroms conducted in 1918 in the region. There was a Yiddish school in 1920s-1930s, but it was closed in 1936. Due to immigration to the bigger towns, the Jewish community decreased. In 1926, only 55% of the total population was Jewish.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

Nova Pryluka was occupied by the German troops in mid-July 1941 and remained under the German occupation until January 1944. Before the occupation, the Nova Pryluka Jews managed to evacuate to the East. According to the historian Martin Dean, about 500 Jews remained in the village. Shortly after the occupation, all the Jews were registered and marked with yellow distinguishing marks in the form of Stars of David on their chests and backs. One week after the start of the occupation, on July 31, 1941, 70 Jewish men were rounded up and taken to be shot out of the town. A short time afterwards, about 110 local Jewish women and children were shot to death. The remaining Jews were resettled in a ghetto created in September 1941. The ghetto was liquidated in November 1941. During the liquidation about 2,500 Jews, men, women, children and elder people, were rounded-up and taken to the village of Stara Pryluka, located 3km away across the Desna River, where they were murdered. Before being shot, the victims were forced to strip and lie down in ditches (created and used before the war by a collective farm to store vegetables), and then they were shot dead. The exact date of this massacre is unknown. The massacre was conducted by the members of Einsatzkommando 5 of Einsatzgruppe C who were helped by local auxiliary policemen. Those who were spared and those who managed to hide during the liquidation were found out and shot on July 24-25, 1942, in a forest near the village of Lisova Lysiyivka, 12km west of Nova Pryluka.

Jewishgen

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