2 Execution site(s)
Marian Z., born in 1932, remembers: "The day after the shooting of the Jewish men, the women came to bring food to the location where they had been locked up previously when they were performing forced labor. When they understood what had happened, there were many shouts and tears.” (Eyewitness N°714, interviewed on April 20, 2014)
Lyugovshchina is a small village close to the city of Oshmyany, situated 130 km northwest of Minsk. Before WWII, there were no Jews living in Lyugovshchina, but there were about 3000 Jews living in Oshmyany. The majority of the Jews were craftsmen or owned little shops. However, there were also farmers. The biggest industries, including the mineral water bottling plant, beer factory, distilling factories, tobacco factory, etc., belonged to the Jews. The German forces occupied the village at the end of June 1941.
As the town of Oshmyany was seized quickly in June 1941 by German forces, most of the Jews were not able to evacuate. On July 26, 1941, 527 Jewish men were shot in a forest, close to the village of Lyugovshchina by a detachment of Einsatzkommando 9. According to Marian Z. (Witness n°714), whom Yahad – In Unum met, the men were locked up inside one of the city’s buildings before being shot.
In October 1941, all of the city’s Jews, including those from surrounding villages, were gathered into a ghetto, fenced in and guarded. “Contributions” in the form of money and goods were regularly collected. In mid-1942, nearly 1800 Jews were registered in the ghetto and 4000 at the end of the year. Many of them were forced to work. On October 21, 1942, the Jews were shot in a pit close to the village of Tolminovo, along with Jews from Krevo and Smorgon. On October 23, 1942, more than 400 elderly Jews were shot in a pit close to the village of Lyugovshchina. The ghetto was liquidated in March and April of 1943, when the Jews were sent to labor camps in Lithuania or to the Vilnius ghetto. For more information about executions of the Oshmyany Jews in Tolminovo, please consult the Tolminovo profile.
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