Luchynets (Luchinets, Litshenitz, Luciîneț) | Vinnytsia

/ Mykola N., born in 1929: “I remember one Jew, Shwahmann, who had been a head of kolkhoz for twenty years here. There was another Jew called Dinmar, I don’t remember what he did.”  © Aleksey Kasyanov/Yahad-In Unum Mykola K., born in 1929: “We had different situations. There were times, when nobody was beaten, because there was no reason for it. But there were times, when, for instance, that Jew named Strikhmann was brought to the field and executed.”© A.Kasyanov/YI Mykola K., born in 1929: “The Jews offered villagers some trousers for sale, or they offered me some good shirts, so that I bought it.” © Aleksey Kasyanov/Yahad-In Unum The Yahad-In Unum’s team during an interview. © Aleksey Kasyanov/Yahad-In Unum The remaining tombstones at the Jewish cemetery in Luchynets. © Aleksey Kasyanov/Yahad-In Unum The remaining tombstones at the Jewish cemetery in Luchynets. © Aleksey Kasyanov/Yahad-In Unum The remaining tombstones at the Jewish cemetery in Luchynets. © Aleksey Kasyanov/Yahad-In Unum A drone view at the Jewish cemetery where the mass grave is located. © Aleksey Kasyanov/Yahad-In Unum The mass grave where the bodies of the Jews who died from hunger and old age were buried. There were some isolated shootings at this place as well. © Aleksey Kasyanov/Yahad-In Unum

Execution of Jews from Bessarabia and Bukovina in Luchynets

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Jewish cemetery
Memorials :
No
Period of occupation:
1941-1944
Number of victims :
At least 1,000

Witness interview

Mykola N., born in 1929: “Another Jew worked as a carpenter here. He made benches, etc. He had two sons. His sons were taken away somewhere and since then they disappeared forever. My diseased father later visited this Jew. He received my father as a guest, because we gave food to that family. An old man and his daughter ate in our house.
Y.U. : Did these Jews often come into your house and ask for food?
Witness : Yes, they came to me and I gave them some food, depending on what I had.
Y. U. : That Jewish man who lived in your house, did he come on his own initiative and offered to make a bench for you, or did your father go somewhere...?
Witness : My father went somewhere and took that Jew with him. In such a way he got food from us. And in the evening, he left our house and went somewhere else.
Y.U. : When your father went there, did he need to ask for permission, for example Romanian soldiers or local policemen?
Witness : No, he didn’t ask anybody for permission.
Y. U. : It means he agreed about that with somebody directly, did he?
Witness : Yes, he went directly there and took that Jew with him.
Y.U. : Do you remember what was the name of that Jew?
Witness : Which Jew, the one who stayed in our house?
Y.U. : Yes, that one.
Witness : Michael.
Y.U. : And what was his daughter’s name?
Witness : Sura.
Y. U. : And what were the names of his two sons who disappeared?
Witness : I can’t tell you, because I don’t know. They came here and then left somewhere.
Y.U. : Did Sura also visit you together with her father?
Witness : Yes, she was always with him.
Y.U. : Where did they stay overnight?
Witness : They stayed above our house, there, on the hill. At daytime he and she worked at our place and in the evening they went there. And the youngsters [two sons] completely disappeared.
Y. U. : Was Sura same age as you, or a bit older?
Witness : No, she was older than me, I was younger.” (Witness n°2649U, interviewed in Luchynets, on September 10, 2019)

Soviet archives

« Under the occupation 1,698 people of Jewish nationality native from Bessarabia and North Bukovina died as a result of beatings, hunger and cold. Their names were not identified. […] Two people (siblings) native from North Bukovina and who were temporarily living in Luchinets [ ukr. Luchynets] were shot dead by the Romanian commandant Miguţa in August 1943, in the village of Luchinets, near the cemetery. Their names were not identified.» [Act n°25 drawn up by Soviet State Extraordinary Commission (ChGK) on April 17, 1945, GARF 7021-54-1239 pp. 93-94]

Historical note

Luchynets is located 33km (20mi) north of Mohyliv-Podilskiy. According to the 1857 census   1,050 Jews lived in the village. The majority of them were either merchants or artisans, like carpenters, tailors and shoemakers. In 1926 only 745 Jews lived in the village due to the relocation of the Jews to bigger towns. The Jewish community had its own prayer house and a cemetery.  

Holocaust by bullets in figures

Luchynets was occupied by the German and Romanian troops in the second half of July 1941. The village remained under Romanians and became part of the Transnistria from September 1941.  Shortly after a ghetto was created where the Jews deported in the fall of 1941 from Bessarabia and North Bukovina. The deportees were confined in a sort of ghetto, created in the building of the former shop located in the village center. During the entire existence of the ghetto the Jews were subjected to robberies, beatings and bad treatment from behalf of the Romanians. Hundreds died over the winter 1941-1942 due to cold and lack of food. In all, according to the Soviet Archives 1,698 people died. The accounts of the local witnesses interviewed by Yahad confirmed the information about the isolated shootings that took place at the cemetery throughout all the occupation.

Nearby villages

  • Vinozh
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