2 Execution site(s)
Olha Ie., born in 1933: "The Jews were killed outside the village in the field right next to the road. The shootings lasted day and night. Once, I followed a group of Jews being taken there during the day. All the Jews were forced to get into the pit and were shot. With some friends of mine we went to the site to see what was happening, because we were children, you know, we wanted to know everything. The shooters didn’t chase us away because we were children, although the adults were chased away and were forbidden from coming close. After the shooting, the pit was filled in.” (Witness n°2316U, interviewed in Nyzhni Stanivtsi, on October 20, 2017)
"In July 1941, after the departure of the Soviet troops, the members of the organization "Za samostiinu Ukrainu" (‘For independent Ukraine’) shot about 80 Jews in the village Stanivtsi Dolychni. Among those shot, there were more men than women and children between the ages of 1 and 3. On July 4, 1941, the members of this organization gathered the Jewish population in the selsoviet building using weapons and batons. From there, they were transferred to the court building, where they remained for almost 5 days. From there, they were taken at night in groups of 5 1 km from the village, stripped naked and shot. The bodies of those shot were left there. Some Jews were taken to the shooting site, stripped naked, tortured, legs and arms were torn off, they were beaten, women’s breasts were cut off. Some were tortured to death, others were shot. [The executioners] took the property of the murdered Jews. Their bodies were left out in the open for two weeks and then covered with earth. Among those shot were my father, my grandmother, my uncle and my cousins. My relatives were also tortured. On the same day, 56 Jews from Stanivtsi Gorichni were brought here to be shot, but they were forbidden from shooting them here and were forced to bring them back to Stanivtsi Gorichni and shoot them there near Selsoviet. Then the bodies were brought here and thrown away without being buried. These bodies remained in the open air for two weeks, and were then covered with earth." [Deposition of a Jewish survivor Zhenia Ryvner, done on August 8, 1944, by the Soviet State Extraordinary Commission; GARF 7021-79-71]
"Before the Soviet army left the village, they appointed a Ukrainian villager (Foca) as mayor. During the night, the villager Macovei S. and eight other citizens went to the house of the mayor Foca and killed him. Then they took over the village (...) A few days later, this gang started to gather all the Jews of the village in the town hall. Shortly afterwards, they were taken to a field, stripped naked and shot." [Archives Serviciul Român de Informații; RG25.00M, Reel 15, p. 544-547.]
Nyzhni Stanivtsi is a town located in the historical Bukovina region, 36 km (22mi) northwest of Chernivtsi. The first record of the Jewish community dates back to the second part of the 19th century. Before 1918, the village was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. From 1918 to 1940 it was integrated into Romania, and in 1940 was taken over by the Soviet Union until 1941. The Jews were mainly artisans, such as shoemakers, tailors, backers, watchmakers, carpenters, plumbers, barbers, locksmiths, coopers, distillers and blacksmiths, or lived off small-scale trade or the lumber industry. One Jew owned a local distillery factory.
Nyzhni Stanivtsi was occupied by the Romanian army in mid July 1941. When the Soviets retreated, power was taken over by a group of locals who arrived from the Transcarpathia region. Apparently, they were local nationalists who wanted to rebuild an independent Ukraine. In late June or early July, 1941, according to different sources, local Jews, mainly men, and some women, were gathered in the courthouse building, where they were detained for several days. Five days later, they were divided in two groups and taken to be shot. The shootings were conducted by local nationalists during the night. According to an eyewitness interviewed by Yahad, some shootings were conducted during the day. In all, 113 Jews were killed in Nyzhni Stanivtsi. Many Jews were tortured during their detention in the courthouse. When the town was occupied by Romanians, the remaining Jews were displaced to Vashkivtsi, from where they were deported to Transnistria.
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