1 Execution site(s)
Nina D.: "I saw the Koldychevo concentration camp from the outside when I went to visit a family member. It was well guarded. I saw a mass shooting take place. A pit was dug and the Jews were shot down on the edge it, men and women." (Witness N° 251, interviewed in March 2010)
"In 1942, 18km from Baranovichi, on the road from Baranovichi to Novogrudok, on the Koldychevo property, a concentration camp for Soviet Slavic civilians was established. 10,000 people (men, women and children) were confined there.The newly created camp didn’t have enough space. The buildings were meant for the summer, and didn’t have any stoves or cement boards to sleep on. They couldn’t fit in more than 30-40% of the detainees. The camp was fenced in with several rows of the barbed wire. The territory was under tight surveillance, with watchtowers, blockhouses, projectors, specially trained dogs and even tanks everywhere. It was forbidden for the detainees to have any contact with the outside word. It was also forbidden for them to receive any food. Anyone who try to get some food or clothing was shot dead." [Act drawn up on January 1st,1945, by the Soviet Regional Commission; RG 53.002M : Fond 845, opis1, delo 6]
Koldychevo is a small village to the north of the city of Baranovichi. The village was under German occupation from 1941 to 1944.
Koldychevo was the site of a Nazi concentration camp. Approximately 22,000 people, mostly Jews, are thought to have been killed in the camp between 1942 and 1944. The camp was also used to imprison Soviet POWs, as well as Polish and Belarusian partisans. In March 1944, the surviving population of about 100 Jews, led by Shlomo Kushnir, drilled a hole in the wall of their barracks, cut through the electrical fence surrounding the camp, and escaped into the night. 24 prisoners were recaptured, including Kushnir, who committed suicide. Many of the rest joined up with the Bielsky partisans in the Naliboki forest. On June 29, 1944, with Soviet troops approaching as part of Operation Bagration, the Koldychevo camp was liquidated. 2,000 of the remaining prisoners were shot in a pit beneath a mound. Another 300 were evacuated to Germany.
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