Bakhiv | Volyn

/ A typical Western Ukrainian tradition: to decorate crosses with colorful stripes © Guillaume Ribot - Yahad-In Unum Solomia S., born in 1920 remembered how the Jews had to leave the train quickly and how they were killed shortly after © Guillaume Ribot - Yahad-In Unum Timofei S., born in 1928, saw three mass graves full of blood. The Germans asked him to leave before the end of the shooting © Guillaume Ribot – Yahad-In Unum Location of the mass killing site. Picture taken in 2007 © Guillaume Ribot - Yahad-In Unum This site was identified through Yahad’s research and is now memorialized and protected through the Protecting Memory initiative, June 2015 © Protecting-Memory.org

Execution of Jews from the Kovel ghetto in Bakhiv

2 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Forest
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944
Number of victims :
About 18,000

Soviet archives

Grygoriy V. explains: “I saw the Jews being brought to the pit dug the night before, near the Jewish cemetery. The pit was dug by the requisitioned. Two guards escorted them. They were forced to get down naked in the pit, where the policemen fired with submachine guns. ” (Testimony n°477, interviewed in Bakhiv, on April 2007)

Historical note

Bakhiv is located about 100 km (62 miles) southeast of Brest, near Kovel. There is no information available about the Jewish community in Bakhiv. According to some sources, on the eve of the war there were 17, 000 Jews, including refugees from Poland, in Kovel out of 33,000 inhabitants. Kovel and Bakhiv were occupied by the German forces on June 28, 1941.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

During the period from June 3 to June 5, 1942, about 10,000 Jews were rounded-up from the Kovel ghetto and taken 7km north of Kovel where they were shot to death in a sand quarry located near to the village of Bakhiv.  The remaining Jews from Kovel were exterminated in two mass aktions. During the first one conducted in August 1942 about 6,500 Jews were murdered; during the second one, carried out in October 1942, another 2,000 found death. In all, about 18,000 Jews were shot in Kovel during WWII.

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