Milieve (Miliyeve, Milijeve) | Chernivtsi

Vasyl H., born in 1927: “One week after the massacre a Jewish girl come to our house asking us to hide her from a local man on a horse. He was crazy and had a rifle. My mother knew her. We gave her shelter for a night and then she left. ”©Les Kasyanov/YIU Iuri H., born in 1929 : “My classmates were brought and killed there. They were my friends. What was the difference between me and them?” ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum. The Yahad team marching towards the mass grave alongside a local witness. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum. Iuri H., born in 1929, at the burial and execution site of about 118 Jews murdered in Miliieve during the first days anarchy before the Romanians occupied the village. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum. A panoramic picture of the field and the mass graves where the Jews were shot and buried. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum. The memorial in the field in the memory of over a hundred Jews murdered in Miliieve before the Romanians arrived to the village. The massacre happened in the middle of July 1941 and was conducted by local nationalists. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum.

Execution of Jews in Milieve

1 Sitio(s) de ejecución

Tipo de lugar antes:
Field near orthodox cemetery
Memoriales:
Yes
Período de ocupación:
1941-1944
Número de víctimas:
118

Entrevista del testigo

Vasyl H., born in 1927: "Before the Romanians arrived here for the second time [in July 1941], a few days or a week after the departure of the Soviets, locals killed and tortured Jews. At the beginning the Jews were killed in their houses. Then they would take them to a place outside the village where a pit had been dug by the Jews themselves. The majority of the Jews were killed on one day, from midnight to noon. The bodies of the people killed in the village were transported and buried in the same pit outside the village." (Witness n°2298U, interviewed in Banyliv, on September 22, 2017)

Nota histórica

Miliieve is located, 57 km (33mi) west of Chernivtsi. The first record of the Jewish community dates back to the second part of the 19th century. Before 1918, the village was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. From 1918 to 1940, it was integrated into Romania, and in 1940 was taken over by the Soviet Union, a state of affairs that lasted until 1941. There is no exact information on how many Jews lived in the village of Miliieve, but according to local accounts, the Jewish population comprised 15-20% of the total population. The majority of Jews lived off small scale trade, agriculture and handicraft. A big Jewish community lived in Banyliv, where there were houses of prayer and a cemetery. On the eve of the war, a couple hundred Jews remained in the village, this small number was mainly due to immigration and the relocation of Jews to bigger towns for economic reasons.

Holocausto por balas en cifras

Miliieve was occupied by Romanians in mid July 1941. For about a week, during a period of anarchy following the Soviet retreat and before the Romanian arrival, about 176 Jews were killed sporadically in- and outside the village in a field where a pit had been dug by the Jews themselves. The Jews were shot in small groups, or by families. Most had been found in hiding.  According to Romanians records, local Jewish women were stripped naked, paraded through the streets, and beaten to death. One Jew who had run away was caught and cut in half with a saw. Supposedly, the massacres were carried out by the members of the OUN. 

Pueblos cercanos

  • Banyliv
  • Vashkivtsi
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