1 Execution site(s)
Mykola O., born in 1930, remembers the night when the shooting was conducted:
“YIU: How much time did the Jews stay in the basement before the shooting?
W: For about one month or a month and a half. They were brought and confined in the basement in summer, and in late August or early September, they were shot. It wasn’t hot outside. Because when the Jewish women came to see my father, she got cold and was trembling. She had to cross the water in the pond. She may have known my father; otherwise, I don’t know why she would have come. She came at dawn. My father let her enter, gave her something to eat and a glass of vodka to warm up. After awhile she left and we have never seen her again. (Testimony n°2013, interviewed in Novomyrhorod, on April 6, 2016)
“In November 1941, I worked at the place where the police secretary V. arrived one day with two others policemen in order to take two canisters of gas. That is what they did. And the same night, the German bastards suffocated 174 people with the gas confined in the basement of the Machine Tractor service in Zlatopol. Those people were Jews from Zlatopol. Among the victims there were elderly people, children and civilians. After being suffocated with gas, they were taken and thrown in the well, located in Zlatopil. In January 1942, another group of 214 inmates were killed in the same way. Their corpses were thrown in the same well. Half of the victims were thrown dead while another half was still alive. [Deposition of a local resident to the State extraordinary commission ; RG.22-002M : 7021-66-123]
Turiya is a small village located 13km north of Novomyrhorod. According to the local witness there were no Jews living in the village. All the Jews lived in the nearby towns, like Zlatopil and Novomyrhorod.
Novomyrhorod is located on the banks of the Velyka Vys River about 65 km northwest of Kirovohrad. Since 1959 Zlatopil became a part of Novomyrhorod. Back then it was a village located 5km away from Novomyrhorod which about 80% of the population was Jewish. The records on the first Jewish community in Novomyrhorod dates back to the middle and the end of 18th century. By 1897 1,622 Jews lived in Novomyrhorod which represented less than 20% of total population. The majority of them worked in small trade business and handcraft. There was a synagogue and Jewish school in the village. Some Jews worked in the pharmacy, there were teachers and lawyers among them. According to the witness, in 1939 under the Soviet order the synagogue was burned. Due to two pogroms conducted in 1919, and relocation of Jewish to bigger cities, the Jewish population dropped roughly. During the pogrom in May 1919, 200 Jews were killed and their shops and houses were looted. On the eve of the war, only 315 Jews lived in Novomyrhorod (13% of total population) and 1,047 in Zlatopil, comprising only 26% of total population. The town was occupied by Germans on August 1-2, 1941. About 10-15% of the prewar Jews managed to flee on the East by that time.
In spring 1943, a number of Jews from Zlatopil was transported to the ravine, called Grushevyi Yar, located close to the village of Turiya were they were shot dead and thrown in the well. Prior to that these Jews were first detained in the ghetto in Zlatopil created in the late fall 1941. One group of them was executed in November 1941, while others were relocated to the basement of the orphanage. According to a local witness interviewed by Yahad, the Jews were transported late in the evening. The exact number of victims is unknown but the groups of Jews was transported in three trucks with about 30-40 people in each. The aktion might have been conducted by German Security police, the same who carried out the killings in Novomyrhorod and Zlatopil.
For more information about the executions of Jews from Novomyrhorod and Zlatopil, please, refer to the corresponding profile.
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