2 Execution site(s)
Pavlo K., born in 1921 remembers: “Many Jewish men were subjected to perform manual work. They were not only Jews from Tsuman, but also those who were brought from the nearby village of Zofiivka, located 15km away from here, and from Sylne. I know that about 25-30 Jewish specialists were taken to the local factory where they were forced to work along with the local non-Jewish population on production of carts. They worked 10 hours a day. I don’t know if they were guarded, but I think they were, otherwise they would have escaped. There was a person in charge who gave them tasks and showed them how to work. “(Testimony N°1777, interviewed in Tsuman, on July 29th,2013).
Tsuman is a village located 45 north west of Lutsk. There is little information about the Jewish community before the war. Supposedly, the first records of Jewish community date back to the mid-17th century. In all, there were about 30 households, 10-15% of which were Jewish. The Jews owned their shops or lived off tailoring and shoemaking. Between the two wars the village was under Polish rule, but in 1939 it was taken over by the Soviet Union.
Germans occupied Tsuman between late June and early July of 1941. According to the local witnesses interviewed by Yahad, shortly after the occupation all the Jews were marked with yellow distinguishing badges. Jewish men were subjected to perform forced labor, for instance they worked at the local factory on cart production. The execution of the local Jewish and non-Jewish population was conducted on August 28th, 1941 by the Security Police and SD members who arrived from Lutsk for this occasion. Prior to the shooting, all the victims were confined into the house, most likely in the territory of the flour mill, located not far away from the execution site, for a small period of time. There were three mass graves. After the war, the corpses were exhumed and reburied.
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