1 Execution site(s)
Halyna P., born in 1935: “In the spring of 1942, a large number of Jews were brought to the stables. I didn’t see how they were brought there. I lived not far from those stables, and one day I woke up, and the Jews were already there. They were confined into the collective farm’ stables which would fit about a hundred horses before the war. The horses were not there anymore. They stayed inside the stables; they slept on the floor. There was no hay or anything on the ground. It was cramped. They were many inside. I can’t tell you how many they were, but the stable was full of them. I would go there to bring them food. My mother would cook something from what we had, and I would bring it to them. There were others who would bring food to them, and the Jews gave them sheets and clothes instead. They bartered, but I didn’t take anything because we didn’t need that. I pitied those people very much.” (Witness n°2836U, interviewed in Kozliv, on November 2, 2020)
Kozliv, part of the historical Podolia region, is located on the border of the Dniester River, 138km (86mi) southwest of Vinnytsia, on the border with Moldova. According to the local witnesses interviewed by Yahad, no Jews lived in the village before the war. It was home only to Ukrainians.
Kozliv was occupied by Romanian troops on July 7, 1941. According to the Yahad’s field research in the spring of 1942 (1941 - according to the inscription on the monument), many Jews from North Bukovina, adults, children, and elderly among them, were brought to the village and confined for a week in a kolkhoz stable under the supervision of Ukrainians dressed in civilian clothes. Despite the assistance of the locals, who brought food to the inmates, including bartering for their belongings, some Jews died on the spot. The field survey was unable to record where the bodies of the deceased were buried. A week later, the remaining Jews were shot on the outskirts of Kozliv, in a ravine called ’Baranivsky Iarok’. The execution was carried out by four men in civilian clothes who had brought the victims to the site. Among the victims were many very weak people, including the elderly, who were transported to the shooting with carts. They were the last to be executed. The site survey recorded the location of the grave. The monument is dedicated to the more than 100 Jews from Bukovina who were shot by the fascists in 1941.
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