Sudova Vyshnia (Sądowa Wisznia) | Lviv

/ Maria P., born in 1933: “One day, at the beginning of the war, on my way to school I saw two men dragging two Jews. They were killed on the road because they resisted.” ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum Maria K., born in 1929, remembers seeing the bodies of at least 10 Jewish victims, including children, piled up on side of the road on her way to school. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum The former building of a synagogue, today used as a shop. There is a memorial board for the Jewish community murdered by the Nazis during the war. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum The former building of another synagogue in Sudova Vyshnia. The building is located near  the first synagogue. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum The road paved with tombstones taken from the demolished Jewish cemetery. The construction was undertaken under the Soviet Union. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum The former Jewish cemetery where dozens of Jews murdered in the town were buried. The cemetery was destroyed by the Soviets after the war. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum The killing site located close to the witness’ school. At this site, Maria K. saw three or four corpses of the Jews. Later, they were taken to the Jewish cemetery by Germans in grey uniform.©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum Maria P., born in 1933, showing the Yahad team where she saw corpses of the Jews murdered by the Germans. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum The Yahad team during an interview with a witness visiting the sites.  ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum At this execution site, a witness interviewed by Yahad saw the corpses of the murdered Jews on her way to school. The corpses were buried on the spot.  ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum

Execution of Jews in Sudova Vyshnia

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before:
Period of occupation:
Number of victims:
About 10

Witness interview

Maria P., born in 1933: “One day, at the beginning of the war, I was on my way to school with some friends of mine. While walking on the road we saw two policemen leading two Jews away. These Jewish men were killed on the bridge near the school because they resisted. The bodies were left on the road. I don’t remember who buried them or what happened to them afterwards.” (Testimony n°3010U, interviewed in Sudova Vyshnia, on December 1st, 2021)

Historical note

Sudova Vyshnia is located on the banks of the Vishnya river about 50 km (31 mi) west of Lviv. Until the 1772 Partitions of Poland, Sudova Vyshnia, officially called Sądowa Wisznia, and was part of Przemyśl Land, Ruthenian Voivodeship. In 1772, the town was annexed by the Habsburg Empire, as part of Habsburg Austrian Galicia, where it remained until late 1918. During the Second Polish Republic, Sądowa Wisznia belonged to Mościska County, Lwów Voivodeship. In September 1939 the town was taken over by the Soviet Union. The first records of the Jewish community date back to the mid-16th century. In 1880, 1,100 Jews lived in the town, making up 28% of the total population. At the end of the 19th century, their number increased to 1,300 comprising 30% of the population. In 1921, however, the Jewish community dropped to 1,039 people (ca. 25%), which was due to the intensification of migration and a dangerously antisemitic environment. Due to the presence of the railway line leading to Kraków and Silesia in Poland that passed by the town, it had become an important trade center. The majority of Jews made their living in the oil and coal trade industries. Some Jews owned inns, taverns and shops, while others were craftsmen. The community had a synagogue, a Jewish cemetery and a mikvah (a ritual bath). Under the Soviet administration, in September 1939, all private oil businesses were nationalized, as well as the Jewish stores. Craftsmen were forced into cooperatives, and all religious and cultural movements were banned. On the eve of the war, circa. 900 Jews remained in the town.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

Sudova Vyshnia was occupied by German troops on June 26,, 1941. As part of historical region of Galicia, the town became part of the General Government. The Jewish community of Sudova Vyshnia was annihilated over the course of three main murder Aktions. The first one was carried out on April 15, 1942, when about 450 Jews were rounded up at their homes and deported to the Ianovski camp (Janowska camp) located on the outskirts of Lviv. Most Jews deported during the second operation that took place in October 1942 were also taken to the Ianovski camp, while others were sent to the Belzec extermination camp. At the beginning of December 1942, the last Jews remaining in the town were displaced to the ghetto in Yavoriv, created on 10 November 1942. According to one eyewitness,dozens of Jews who attempted to escape, or were too weak to be displaced, were shot on the spot during the round-ups. Jews from other villages such as Husakiv, Yaniv, Krakovets, Krukenychi and Mostyska were also interned in the Yavoriv ghetto. The ghetto was located in the southern part of the town and was fenced-in with barbed wire. After the deportation operation, the number of prisoners increased to ca. 6,000. On 16 April 1943, the Yavoriv ghetto was liquidated. During the liquidation, almost the entirety of the remaining Jews were murdered on the spot, in Yavoriv. 

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