Stolin | Brest

/ The former synagogue © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad- In Unum The former house of the rabbi © Nicolas Tkatchouk- Yahad-In Unum Picture from one of witness’ archives © Nicolas Tkatchouk- Yahad-In Unum Mikhail S., born in 1926, witnessed the shooting of the Jews remained in the ghetto after the liquidation aktion. There were around 30 Jews shot with guns © Nicolas Tkatchouk- Yahad-In Unum The Germans requisitioned some Belarusian farmers to fill the mass graves of the Jews. Ivan F., born in 1925, was one of them © Nicolas Tkatchouk- Yahad-In Unum The Yahad research team during the interview © Nicolas Tkatchouk - Yahad-In Unum Konstantin M., born in 1924, rememebered that liquidation aktion took place in September : "During the night the ghetto was sealed off by the police. Around 1p.m. all the Jews were gathered at the ghetto central place." © Nicolas Tkatchouk- Yahad-In Unum Konstantin M., a Belorussian inhabitant born in 1924, showing Yahad team the site of the former ghetto in Stolin along the Bank River   © Nicolas Tkatchouk- Yahad-In Unum The killing site of around 8960 Jews in Stolin © Nicolas Tkatchouk- Yahad-In Unum

Execution of Jews in Stolin

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Memorials :
Period of occupation:
Number of victims :
Over 8,000

Witness interview

Konstantin M. remembered: "I would like to turn your attention to the fact that the ‘Gebietskommissar’ and the leader of the ‘Judenrat’ here knew each other from Germany. They had studied at the same university, where they had become friends. This is why the ‘Gebietskommissar’ acted more or less “loyally” towards the Jews. Just before the order came that the Jews had to gather in the ghetto, he had gone. He was not present [at the moment where the Jews had to move into the ghetto]. At his return, all Jews were already in the ghetto. And just before the shooting, he had gone again. He was not present." (Witness N°195, interviewed in Stolin, on August 10, 2009)

Soviet archives

« The Germans and the policemen said that the Jews had to undress and to lie in the grave, face down. After the shooting, they told me to take the clothes, put them on my cart, and bring them to the town.” [Deposition of Yakov R., a Belarusian requisitioned to shoot Jews in Stolin, to the Soviet Extraordinary commisssion; RG-22.002M.7081-90/34]

German archives

“We came into the ghetto to bring a group of a hundred Jews. The policemen and the Germans took them to the airfield outside the city. Its construction was not completed. The airfield was located 2-3km from Stolin. Large mass graves were dug directly behind it.” [Deposition of Petr S., a Belarusian policeman and a shooter during the liquidation of the ghetto in Stolin; B162-4967]

Historical note

Before the war, the region of Stolin was part of Poland. About 5,000 Jews lived in Stolin in 1939. They were tailors, carpenters, shopkeepers, and clockmakers. There were several synagogues; one of them was wooden, another brick. The rabbis of Stolin (a Hasidic dynasty) were well-known among the Jewish communities in Eastern Europe. There was also a cinema, a soda-water factory, and hotels. Stolin was occupied by the Germans from July 1941 to 1944.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

In August 1941, many Jewish refugees – especially women and children - from the nearby town of David-Gorodok came to Stolin. A ghetto was created in May 1942, surrounded by a barbed-wire fence. About 7,000 Jews lived in this small and unhealthy area, along the Bank River. The liquidation of the ghetto was conducted on September 11, 1942 by a squadron of German cavalry, the local police and the SD. The shooting took place near the airfield, in a large ditch. The belongings of the Jews were collected and then selected by local people under the control of the German authorities.

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