Oboltsy | Vitebsk

The mill in Oboltsy, 1914. ©Public domain, Found on forum.globus.tut.by / Rural landscape. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum Alexandra P., born in 1928, remembered prewar Jewish life in Oboltsy. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum Ignatiy I., Belarusian, born in 1931, lived in Oboltsy during the war. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum Ignatiy V., remembered the day of shooting, which was carried out by a special SS unit. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum View of the killing site of the Oboltsy Jews. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum

Execution of Jews in Oboltsy

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Silo pit
Memorials :
No
Period of occupation:
1941-1944

Witness interview

Ignatiy V.: "There was a Kommandantur, a Volost and a starost in each hamlet. The field was been dividedup by the Volost. There were policemen in dark uniforms from the Smolensk district. I also remember a punitive SS-unit." (Witness N°542, interviewed in Oboltsy, on October 19, 2011)

Historical note

On the eve of the war, the majority of the inhabitants in Oboltsy were Jewish. Before the Soviet period they mainly worked in trade before moving on to work as laborers. Many Jews joined the sovkhoze.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

Shortly after the arrival of the Germans, a ghetto was established in August 1941. Around 150 Jews were forced to live in the two school buildings. In March 1941, some Jews escaped from the ghetto with the help of a local policeman. The liquidation of the ghetto took place on June 4, 1942. Circa. 100 Jews were shot in a pit near the ghetto.

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