1 Execution site(s)
Mykola M., born in 1928: “However, some Jews were left alive, 5 or 10 of them. They were the good tailors, shoemakers… There was a kind of office building here, now there is a house there, they were working in there. And I forgot to mention, during the shooting, there was one woman, the bullet must have missed her, because she fell into the pit. And at night she got up and walked across the iced river to Buhove. And there apparently she was saved. I don’t know anything else about her, but I know that she crossed the river. I will tell you what happened. Once the Jews left their homes, the locals were curious to know what was happening to them and went there to look. And you know, we were boys. We decided to go as well to take a look. (…).” (Testimony n°2859U, interviewed in Khaschuvate, on November 19, 2020)
"On the night of August 31, 1941, Ukrainian policemen arrested 40 Jews in Haivoron. On September 1 these Jews were taken to Khachshuvate and shot. […]
On February 16, 1942, the Germans and policemen from Haivoron surrounded the village. They forced the Jews out of their homes and herded them into the Klub. From the Klub, they were taken in groups of 20-30 to a clay trench, located 300 meters away from the Klub. There, they were stripped naked and led to the pit in groups of 10. They were forced to kneel in front of the pit with their backs to the police and Germans, and shot. The clothes were loaded onto a cart and transported to the kommandantur. Circa. 850 people were shot in this way. Two or three days later, the bodies were buried. [Act drawn up upon the testimonies given to the Soviet State Commission; Source: GARF7021-69-77/RG22-002M]
Khashcuvate is a former Jewish agricultural colony, located 70 km (43mi) southwest of Uman. The Jews settles there in the late 18th century. In 1897, 71% of the total population was Jewish. The main occupation was agriculture. Some Jews had shops or live off handicraft. On April 22, 1918, the Jews suffered a pogrom as a result of which nine people were wounded and Jewish property was destroyed and plundered. During the 1920s, there were three Jewish collective farms. The artisans worked in cooperatives. There was a Jewish school and a synagogue. On the eve of the war, 3,170 Jews remained in Khaschuvate, making up 56% of the town’s total population.
Khashcuvate was occupied on July 29, 1941. The Khashcuvate Jews were murdered in a mass shooting operation carried out on February 16, 1942. On the eve of the execution, the town was sealed by the Germans and police. On February 16, 1942, the Jews were rounded up in their homes and ordered to take valuables and warm clothes with them. They were marched to the Klub building, where all their valuables and clothes were taken away from them. Then, in groups of 10-20, they were taken to a clay pit, located 300 meters from the building. First the men were taken, then the women and the children. At the shooting site, the Jewish victims were forced to kneel next to the pit and were then shot to death. Some sources and local testimonies say anywhere between 70 to 150 Jewish skilled workers were left alive after the main murder operation. Several days later they were shot at the same site. According to the Soviet archives, a group of 40 Jews from Haivoron were murdered in Khaschuvate on September 1, 1941. Unfortunately, Yahad was unable to find any additional information about this killing
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